Prospects For Employment Opportunities Overseas: A Case Of Australia And Canada


The leading economic industries in Australia are:

  • Health Care
  • Mining
  • Energy and Utilities
  • Industrial and Materials
  • Finance and Insurance           
  • Manufacturing
  • Agricultural

Over the past decade, Australia has been experiencing positive changes in its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and increased employment opportunities. There has also been greater demand for skilled foreign workers. In order to facilitate employment of these workers, a Migration Plan (General Skilled Migration) was enacted. This Plan allows foreigners to work in Australia, providing that they have the skills immediately and mostly needed by the country, and have the necessary qualifications and work experience.


Work Requirement

Overseas workers who desire to work in Australia must acquire a work visa before entry into the country. They may receive a skilled migration visa if they are skilled overseas worker, otherwise, they must have a sponsored/nominated work visa if they are nominated or sponsored by a state authority, a state government agency or an approved Australian employer.


Growing Jobs in Australia

Information gathered from a news network which reports on occupations which are projected to experience the greatest growth in employment outlines the following prospects:

  • Plumbers
  • Accountants
  • Personnel in Information Technology  
  • Accountants
  • Registered Nurses (Mainly Geriatric)


Type of Workers Needed

Based on information obtained from research conducted by the BBC news and from government state websites in 2015, it was evident that some of Australia’s skilled workers were needed in areas of Engineering, Medicine and Information Technology. Further disaggregation of these occupations into job titles are as follows:

  • Engineers: Industrial, Plant Civil, Structural, Geotechnical, Mechanical, Environmental, Mining, Electrical, Chemical, Marine, Material, Urban and Regional Planners, Architects
  • Financial and Banking Agents: Accountants, Internal & External Auditors, Economists
  • Medical: Nurses, Midwives, General Practitioners, Pharmacists, Physiotherapists, Medical Laboratory Scientists, Dentists, Veterinarians, Dental Technicians, Radiographers, Surgeons, Veterinarians
  • I.T.: Software Engineers, Systems Analysts, Analyst Programmers, Systems Engineer, Telecommunications Engineer



This country’s diverse economy has created an opportunity for both skilled and unskilled workers to occupy positions not able to be filled by Canadians. The leading industries found in Canada are as follows:

  • Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Technology
  • Health
  • Retail
  • Education
  • Automotive

Recently, the government launched an application management system known as Express Entry to improve the processing time for application of skilled workers, which is expected to be six (6) months or less. The Programme handles applications for three Federal Economic Immigration Programmes: Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class.

Canada operates a Temporary Foreign Workers Program (TFWP) which allows foreigners to work for a period less than a year in sectors of its economy such as Agriculture. One of those programs is the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP). This allows farmers from participating countries (Mexico and several Caribbean islands including Jamaica) to work in primary agriculture in Canada’s provinces. The maximum period of work for this Programme is set at eight (8) months.           


Work Requirement

In order to work in Canada, one must procure a work permit, otherwise the individual may be required to have a temporary resident visa, along with other necessary travel documents.

Growing Jobs

These are the jobs projected for the most growth over the next few years:

  • Registered Nurses
  • Computer Programmers
  • Software Engineers
  • Financial Managers
  • Child Care Workers (Managers, Cooks, Nannies)
  • Geriatric Care Workers (Nurse’s aide, Nurses for elderly care)